/ Maps

iOS/Android Google Places Widgets and API Services for React Native Apps

iOS/Android Google Places Widgets and API Services for React Native Apps

react-native-google-places

iOS/Android Google Places Widgets (Autocomplete Modal) and API Services for React Native Apps.

modal-open-ios

modal-in-search-ios

modal-open-android

modal-in-search-android

picker-android

picker-ios

Versioning:

  • for RN >= 0.40.0, use v3+ (e.g. [email protected])
  • If you are still using the v2 of this library, you really should not, then Version 2 Documentations

Sample App

  • A new Sample App is available to help with sample usage and debugging issues.

Install

npm i react-native-google-places --save
react-native link react-native-google-places

OR

yarn add react-native-google-places
react-native link react-native-google-places

Google Places API Set-Up

  1. Sign up for Google Places & Google Maps APIs for Android in Google API Console to grab your Android API key (not browser key).
  2. Read further API setup guides at https://developers.google.com/places/android-sdk/signup.
  3. Similarly, sign up for Google Places API for iOS in Google API Console to grab your iOS API key (not browser key).
  4. Ensure you check out further guides at https://developers.google.com/places/ios-sdk/get-api-key.
  5. Enable billing for your projects - please do not file any issues on this repo without first checking you have, indeed, enabled billing on your account.
  6. With both keys in place, you can proceed.

Post-install Steps

iOS (requires CocoaPods)
Auto Linking With Your Project (iOS & Android)
  • This was done automatically for you when you ran react-native link react-native-google-places. Or you can run the command now if you have not already.
Manual Linking With Your Project (iOS)
  • In XCode, in the project navigator, right click Libraries ➜ Add Files to [your project's name].
  • Go to node_modulesreact-native-google-places and add RNGooglePlaces.xcodeproj.
  • In XCode, in the project navigator, select your project. Add libRNGooglePlaces.a to your project's Build PhasesLink Binary With Libraries.
Install CocoaPods Dependencies
  • If you do not have CocoaPods already installed on your machine, run gem install cocoapods to set it up the first time. (Hint: Go grab a cup of coffee!)
  • If you are not using Cocoapods in your project already, run cd ios && pod init at the root directory of your project.
  • Add pod 'GooglePlaces', pod 'GooglePlacePicker' and pod 'GoogleMaps' to your Podfile. Ensure you pull in version 3.1.0 or higher for both the GooglePlaces and GoogleMaps libraries. Otherwise just edit your Podfile to include:
source 'https://github.com/CocoaPods/Specs.git'

target 'YOUR_APP_TARGET_NAME' do

  pod 'GooglePlaces'
  pod 'GoogleMaps'

end
  • Run pod install or pod update from the ios directory to get started.

  • In your AppDelegate.m file, import the Google Places library by adding

    @import GooglePlaces; 
    @import GoogleMaps;

on top of the file.

  • Within the didFinishLaunchingWithOptions method, instantiate the library as follows - read about a better way to secure this below:
[GMSPlacesClient provideAPIKey:@"YOUR_IOS_API_KEY_HERE"];
[GMSServices provideAPIKey:@"YOUR_IOS_API_KEY_HERE"];
  • Ensure you have the required location permissions for the application by declaring keys for NSLocationWhenInUseUsageDescription and NSLocationAlwaysAndWhenInUseUsageDescription in your info.plist file, either using Xcode or manually editing the file e.g.
<key>NSLocationWhenInUseUsageDescription</key>
	<string>RNGPDemos needs your location to show you places</string>
	<key>NSLocationAlwaysAndWhenInUseUsageDescription</key>
	<string>RNGPDemos needs your location to show you places</string>
  • By now, you should be all set to install the packages from your Podfile. Run pod install from your ios directory.
  • Close Xcode, and then open (double-click) your project's .xcworkspace file to launch Xcode. From this time onwards, you must use the .xcworkspace file to open the project. Or just use the react-native run-ios command as usual to run your app in the simulator.
Android
  • In your AndroidManifest.xml file, request the following permissions:
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE" />
  • In your /android/gradle.properties file, add your API key, read about a better way to secure this below
RNGP_ANDROID_API_KEY=Insert_API_KEY_here
Manual Linking With Your Project (Android)
  • The following additional setup steps are optional as they should have been taken care of, for you when you ran react-native link react-native-google-places. Otherwise, do the following or just ensure they are in place;
  • Add the following in your android/settings.gradle file:
include ':react-native-google-places'
project(':react-native-google-places').projectDir = new File(rootProject.projectDir, '../node_modules/react-native-google-places/android')
  • Add the following in your android/app/build.grade file:
dependencies {
    ...
    compile project(':react-native-google-places')
}
  • Add the Google Maven Repo in your android/build.gradle file:
allprojects {
    repositories {
        ...
        maven {
            // All of React Native (JS, Obj-C sources, Android binaries) is installed from npm
            url "$rootDir/../node_modules/react-native/android"
        }
        maven {
            url "https://maven.google.com" 
        }
    }
}
  • Add the following in your ...MainApplication.java file:
import com.arttitude360.reactnative.rngoogleplaces.RNGooglePlacesPackage;

@Override
protected List<ReactPackage> getPackages() {
  return Arrays.<ReactPackage>asList(
      new MainReactPackage(),
      ...
      new RNGooglePlacesPackage() //<-- Add line
  );
}
Additional Requirement (Android)
  • Enable multiDex for your application.
  • Ensure you are compiling with Java 1.8 or above. Add the following in your /android/app/build.gradle file:
android {
    defaultConfig {
        ...
        multiDexEnabled true
    }
    compileOptions {
        sourceCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
        targetCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
    }
}
  • Finally, we can run react-native run-android to get started.

Usage

Allows your users to enter place names and addresses - and autocompletes your users' queries as they type.

Import library

import RNGooglePlaces from 'react-native-google-places';

Open Autocomplete Modal (e.g as Callback to an onPress event)

class GPlacesDemo extends Component {
  openSearchModal() {
    RNGooglePlaces.openAutocompleteModal()
    .then((place) => {
		console.log(place);
		// place represents user's selection from the
		// suggestions and it is a simplified Google Place object.
    })
    .catch(error => console.log(error.message));  // error is a Javascript Error object
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <View style={styles.container}>
        <TouchableOpacity
          style={styles.button}
          onPress={() => this.openSearchModal()}
        >
          <Text>Pick a Place</Text>
        </TouchableOpacity>
      </View>
    );
  }
}
Optional Parameters

To customize autocomplete results as listed for Android and iOS in the official docs, you can pass an options object as a parameter to the openAutocompleteModal() method as follows:

    RNGooglePlaces.openAutocompleteModal({
            initialQuery: 'vestar', 
            locationRestriction: {
                latitudeSW: 6.3670553, 
                longitudeSW: 2.7062895, 
                latitudeNE: 6.6967964, 
                longitudeNE: 4.351055
            },
            country: 'NG',
            type: 'establishment'
        }, ['placeID', 'location', 'name', 'address', 'types', 'openingHours', 'plusCode', 'rating', 'userRatingsTotal', 'viewport']
    )
    .then((place) => {
        console.log(place);
    })
    .catch(error => console.log(error.message));

OPTIONS

  • type (String) - The type of results to return. Can only be one of (geocode, address, establishment, regions, and cities). (optional)
  • country (String) - Limit results to a specific country using a ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2 country code (case insensitive). If this is not set, no country filtering will take place. (optional)
  • locationBias (Object) - To bias autocomplete results to a specific geographic region, pass an object (with the keys: latitudeNE (Number), longitudeNE (Number), latitudeSW (Number), longitudeSW (Number)) representing the bounding box for the region. (optional)
  • locationRestriction (Object) - To restrict autocomplete results to a specific geographic region, pass an object (with the keys: latitudeNE (Number), longitudeNE (Number), latitudeSW (Number), longitudeSW (Number)) representing the bounding box for the region. (optional)
  • useOverlay (Boolean) [Android Only] - If true, the autocomplete modal will open as an overlay rather than fullscreen. Defaults to false.
  • initialQuery (String) [Android Only] - If present, the autocomplete modal would launch with results pre-populated for the query passed (optional).

NOTE - On iOS, only one of locationBias or locationRestriction is respected, when passing both, only the first passed option would be used.

PLACE FIELDS

  • To prevent yourself from incurring huge usage bill, you can select the result fields you need in your application. Pass an (optional) placeFields as the second param to openAutocompleteModal.
  • placeFields is an Array of String such as placeID, location, name, address, types, openingHours, plusCode, rating, userRatingsTotal, viewport, website, phoneNumber, plusCode and addressComponents (available in v3.0.1+).
  • Defaults to an empty array which returns every field possible for the particular place.

Example Response from the Autocomplete Modal

{   priceLevel: 0,
    viewport: {   
        longitudeSW: 3.320172219708498,
        latitudeSW: 6.572546249999999,
        longitudeNE: 3.322870180291502,
        latitudeNE: 6.584909250000001 
    },
    address: 'Lagos, Nigeria',
    location: {   
        longitude: 3.3211348, 
        latitude: 6.5818185 
    },
    addressComponents: [ 
      { shortName: 'Lagos',
        name: 'Lagos',
        types: [ 'locality', 'political' ] 
      },
      { shortName: 'LA',
        name: 'Lagos',
        types: [ 'administrative_area_level_1', 'political' ] 
      },
      { shortName: 'NG',
        name: 'Nigeria',
        types: [ 'country', 'political' ] 
      } 
    ],
    userRatingsTotal: 939,
    plusCode: { 
        globalCode: '6FR5H8JC+PF',
        compoundCode: 'H8JC+PF Lagos, Nigeria' 
    },
    rating: 3.2,
    types: [ 'airport', 'point_of_interest', 'establishment' ],
    attributions: [],
    placeID: 'ChIJhRTXUeeROxARmk_Rp3PtIvI',
    name: 'Murtala Muhammed International Airport' 
}
  • Note: The keys available from the response from the resolved Promise from calling RNGooglePlaces.openAutocompleteModal() are dependent on the selected place - as phoneNumber, website, north, south, east, west, priceLevel, rating are not set on all Google Place objects.

Get Current Place

This method returns to you the place where the device is currently located. That is, the place at the device's currently-reported location. For each place, the result includes an indication of the likelihood that the place is the right one. A higher value for likelihood means a greater probability that the place is the best match. Ensure you have required the appropriate permissions, as stated post-install steps above, before making this request.

  RNGooglePlaces.getCurrentPlace()
    .then((results) => console.log(results))
    .catch((error) => console.log(error.message));

OR

  RNGooglePlaces.getCurrentPlace(['placeID', 'location', 'name', 'address'])
    .then((results) => console.log(results))
    .catch((error) => console.log(error.message));

PLACE FIELDS

  • To prevent yourself from incurring huge usage bill, you can select the result fields you need in your application. Pass an (optional) placeFields as the only param to getCurrentPlace.
  • placeFields is an Array of String such as placeID, location, name, address, types, openingHours, plusCode, rating, userRatingsTotal, viewport.
  • Defaults to an empty array which returns every field possible for the particular place.
  • Place note that requesting for website, phoneNumber, phoneNumber and addressComponents are not supported when calling getCurrentPlace.

Example Response from Calling getCurrentPlace()

[{ name: 'Facebook HQ',
  website: 'https://www.facebook.com/',
  longitude: -122.14835169999999,
  address: '1 Hacker Way, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA',
  latitude: 37.48485,
  placeID: 'ChIJZa6ezJa8j4AR1p1nTSaRtuQ',
  types: [ 'street_address', 'geocode' ],
  phoneNumber: '+1 650-543-4800',
  likelihood: 0.9663974,
  ...
},{
  ...
}]

The sum of the likelihoods in a given result set is always less than or equal to 1.0. Note that the sum isn't necessarily 1.0.

Using Your Own Custom UI/Views

If you have specific branding needs or you would rather build out your own custom search input and suggestions list (think Uber), you may profit from calling the API methods below which would get you autocomplete predictions programmatically using the underlying iOS and Android SDKs.

Get Autocomplete Predictions

  RNGooglePlaces.getAutocompletePredictions('facebook')
    .then((results) => this.setState({ predictions: results }))
    .catch((error) => console.log(error.message));
Optional Parameters

To filter autocomplete results as listed for Android and iOS in the official docs, you can pass an options object as a second parameter to the getAutocompletePredictions() method as follows:

  RNGooglePlaces.getAutocompletePredictions('Lagos', {
	  type: 'cities',
	  country: 'NG'
  })
    .then((place) => {
    console.log(place);
    })
    .catch(error => console.log(error.message));

OR

RNGooglePlaces.getAutocompletePredictions('pizza', {
	    type: 'establishments',
	    locationBias: {
            latitudeSW: 6.3670553, 
            longitudeSW: 2.7062895, 
            latitudeNE: 6.6967964, 
            longitudeNE: 4.351055
        }
    })
    .then((place) => {
    console.log(place);
    })
    .catch(error => console.log(error.message));
  • type (String) - The type of results to return. Can only be one of (geocode, address, establishment, regions, and cities). (optional)
  • country (String) - Limit results to a specific country using a ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2 country code (case insensitive). If this is not set, no country filtering will take place. (optional)
  • locationBias (Object) - To bias autocomplete results to a specific geographic region, pass an object (with the keys: latitudeNE (Number), longitudeNE (Number), latitudeSW (Number), longitudeSW (Number)) representing the bounding box for the region. (optional)
  • locationRestriction (Object) - To restrict autocomplete results to a specific geographic region, pass an object (with the keys: latitudeNE (Number), longitudeNE (Number), latitudeSW (Number), longitudeSW (Number)) representing the bounding box for the region. (optional)

NOTE - On iOS, only one of locationBias or locationRestriction is respected, when passing both, only the first passed option would be used.

Example Response from Calling getAutocompletePredictions()

[ { primaryText: 'Facebook HQ',
    placeID: 'ChIJZa6ezJa8j4AR1p1nTSaRtuQ',
    secondaryText: 'Hacker Way, Menlo Park, CA, United States',
    fullText: 'Facebook HQ, Hacker Way, Menlo Park, CA, United States' },
    types: [ 'street_address', 'geocode' ],
  { primaryText: 'Facebook Way',
    placeID: 'EitGYWNlYm9vayBXYXksIE1lbmxvIFBhcmssIENBLCBVbml0ZWQgU3RhdGVz',
    secondaryText: 'Menlo Park, CA, United States',
    fullText: 'Facebook Way, Menlo Park, CA, United States' },
    types: [ 'street_address', 'geocode' ],

    ...
]

Look-Up Place By ID

  RNGooglePlaces.lookUpPlaceByID('ChIJZa6ezJa8j4AR1p1nTSaRtuQ')
    .then((results) => console.log(results))
    .catch((error) => console.log(error.message));

OR

  RNGooglePlaces.lookUpPlaceByID('ChIJZa6ezJa8j4AR1p1nTSaRtuQ', ['placeID', 'location', 'name', 'address'])
    .then((results) => console.log(results))
    .catch((error) => console.log(error.message));

PLACE FIELDS

  • To prevent yourself from incurring huge usage bill, you can select the result fields you need in your application. Pass an (optional) placeFields as the second param to lookUpPlaceByID.
  • placeFields is an Array of String such as placeID, location, name, address, types, openingHours, plusCode, rating, userRatingsTotal, viewport.
  • Defaults to an empty array which returns every field possible for the particular place.
  • Place note that requesting for website, phoneNumber, phoneNumber and addressComponents are not supported when calling lookUpPlaceByID.

Example Response from Calling lookUpPlaceByID()

{ name: 'Facebook HQ',
  website: 'https://www.facebook.com/',
  longitude: -122.14835169999999,
  address: '1 Hacker Way, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA',
  latitude: 37.48485,
  placeID: 'ChIJZa6ezJa8j4AR1p1nTSaRtuQ',
  types: [ 'street_address', 'geocode' ],
  phoneNumber: '+1 650-543-4800',
}
  • Note: Check Autocomplete response for notes and other available keys.

Design Hint

The typical use flow would be to call getAutocompletePredictions() when the value of your search input changes to populate your suggestion listview and call lookUpPlaceByID() to retrieve the place details when a place on your listview is selected.

PS (from Google)

  • Use of the getAutocompletePredictions() method is subject to tiered query limits. See the documentation on Android & iOS Usage Limits.
  • Also, your UI must either display a 'Powered by Google' attribution, or appear within a Google-branded map.

Securing Your API Keys & Making Them Work With Your CI/CD Tools (Optional Steps)

Android API Key

  • From version 3 of this package, on Android, the package would, by default, first look for your API key in System Variables before checking for it in your gradle.properties file - this ensures you can totally keep your keys out of Version Control.
  • Remove your API key from gradle.properties, if already defined. Define a system variable representing your Android API key e.g. on a Unix/Mac terminal run:
export RNGP_ANDROID_API_KEY=Insert_API_KEY_here
  • You may need to export this system/environment variable before every build or add them to your ~/.bash_profile file or similar files.
  • Ensure you have the system/environment variable replicated in your CI/CD build and you should be fine.
  • You may skip these steps and continue to have your API key in gradle.properties, things would work just as fine.

iOS API Key

You would have to do a bit more work to properly secure and move your API key out of Version Control than we did for Android.

  • Add a Gemfile to the root of your /ios folder with the following or similar content:
source 'https://rubygems.org'

gem 'cocoapods'
gem 'cocoapods-keys
  • Install the cocoapods-keys CocoaPod plugin by running the following on your terminal from your /ios directory:
gem install cocoapods-keys
  • Add the plugin to your Podfile like below:
plugin 'cocoapods-keys'

target 'YourApp' do

  # Pods for YourApp

  pod 'GoogleMaps'
  pod 'GooglePlaces'

end
  • Consult the usage and alternative usage sections of the cocoapods-keys repo to learn how to add your API key to keychain on the Mac.
  • Set up your key with cocoapods-keys with either of the instructions from the line above.
  • Run pod install again from your /ios directory.
  • Replace the string versions of your key in your AppDelegate.m file. You can review a sample usgae in the Sample App
  • You may skip these steps and continue to have your API key directly in AppDelegate.m, things would work just as fine.

Troubleshooting

Ensure you have automatically/manually linked dependencies and/or re-run the build after doing so.

  1. Run react-native link
  2. Try Manual Linking With Your Project steps above.
  3. Run react-native run-ios

On iOS, ensure you have installed the native dependencies with Cocoapods.

GitHub